ERIC Number: ED342122
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec-24
Reference Count: N/A
Beyond Common Sense in Educational Restructuring: The Issues of Content and Linkage.
Newmann, Fred M.
Common-sense proposals for restructuring schools neglect two major issues: What content is needed to give direction to structural innovation? and How can the many factors that influence this content be linked? A discussion of the social context of U.S. education demonstrates the ways in which content and linkage problems are complicated. An agenda of content for teacher commitment and competence is described, based on the following areas: depth of understanding and authentic knowledge; success for all students; new teacher roles; and the concept of schools as moral communities. Four areas of need for substantial change are identified: high standards; high incentives and stakes; local empowerment; and collaborative organization. Five problems related to systemic linkage that restructuring "theory" has yet to address are discussed--the failure to explain: how organizational alignment will be achieved; how powerful institutions will change; how the contradiction between externally developed standards and local empowerment will be addressed; how citizenry will be convinced to generate funds; and how building social capital in the society will be accomplished. Twenty-six endnotes are attached. (63 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center on Organization and Restructuring of Schools, Madison, WI.