ERIC Number: ED342088
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools.
Research Roundup, v8 n2 Win 1992
Cooperative learning is being recommended as a solution for numerous education problems, from enhancing disadvantaged children's self-esteem to ensuring academic success for all students. Cooperative learning has great potential as a supplement or alternative to traditional teaching methods when students are adequately socialized and motivated. The teacher's role is crucial, since conventional workbook exercises are usually inadequate and students must be led to assume responsibility for their own learning and deportment. This "Roundup" summarizes cooperative learning research studies by four major contributors. Robert Slavin's comprehensive review article, stressing group goals and individual accountability, links the use of Student Team Learning and Group Investigation models to student gains in achievement, intergroup relations, and self-esteem. David Johnson and Roger Johnson's meta-analysis shows the superiority of cooperative learning strategies in promoting student achievement and identifies factors influencing group success or failure. Elizabeth Cohen's article argues that cooperative learning's survival depends on developing new curriculum materials, addressing student status problems, and creating collegial and administrative support systems for teachers. Daniel Solomon's study of cooperative learning in a longitudinal Child Development Project shows that K-4 students in three program schools exhibited more socially responsive behavior and concern for democratic values that their peers in control schools. (MLH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cooperative Learning, Elementary Education, Group Dynamics, Incentives, Learning Strategies, Models, Rewards, Self Esteem, Social Values, Socialization, Student Motivation, Student Responsibility, Teacher Role, Teamwork
National Association of Elementary School Principals, 1615 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 ($2.50 prepaid; $2.00 each on orders of 10 or more).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Alexandria, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.