ERIC Number: ED341877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
A Multicultural Focus on Career Education. Information Series No. 348.
Locke, Don C.; Parker, Larry D.
The purpose of this literature review is to illustrate the implications of cultural diversity for career education and development. Discussed first are census data demonstrating the rapid increases in population of such groups as Asians/Pacific Islanders, African Americans, Native Americans, and Hispanics. Differences in world view are explored next, with an explanation of how differences in Locus of Control and Locus of Responsibility are influenced by cultural heritage and life experiences. The relevance for diverse populations of career development theories based on a white male, middle-class population is questioned. Appropriate intervention methods for specific groups, the unique challenges facing culturally diverse women, and communication issues are discussed. The cross-cultural awareness continuum is presented as a tool career personnel can use to gauge their growth in intercultural competence. The levels of the continuum are as follows: (1) self-awareness; (2) awareness of one's own culture; (3) awareness of racism, sexism, and poverty; (4) awareness of individual differences; (5) awareness of other cultures; (6) awareness of diversity; and (7) career education skills/techniques. A system focus on cultural diversity involves two sets of strategies for improving career education/development programming: recommendations for multicultural program content and process strategies to improve multicultural competence. (SK)
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Career Development, Career Education, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences, Cultural Pluralism, Ethnicity, Intercultural Communication, Minority Groups, Multicultural Education, Population Trends, World Views
Center on Education and Training for Employment, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1090 (order no. IN348: $5.25).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.