ERIC Number: ED341778
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-May
The Search for a Philosophy of Training and Development.
Stuckey, Sherry; Berardinelli, Paula
Using the results of a literature search, a conceptual framework is developed for comparing the schools of philosophical thought with the aims, methods, curriculum, and teacher-learner relationships found in training and development programs in business and industry. From this analysis, a philosophy for the field of training and development can be proposed. Schools of philosophical thought examined include behaviorism-behavioristic, existentialism-humanistic, idealism-liberal, pragmatism-progressive-cognitive, realism-analytic, and reconstructionism-radical. The current philosophy of training and development contends that the philosopher of education is interested in these principles of education: aims and objectives, curriculum or subject matter, general methodological principles, and an analysis of the teaching-learning process. However, actual practice in training and development is inconsistent with this governing philosophy. Therefore, the training and development field must move decisively toward a reconstructionist philosophy, with some contextual changes. The two major premises of reconstructionism are as follows: (1) society is in need of constant change; and (2) such social change involves both a reconstruction of education and the use of education in reconstructing society. From the viewpoint of training, the philosophy becomes the following: business is in need of constant change, and such change involves a reconstruction of training and the use of training in reconstructing business. From this point, the aims, method, curriculum, and teacher-learner relationship can be constructed. (26 references) (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Conference and Exposition of the American Society for Training and Development (46th, Orlando, FL, May 6-10, 1990).