ERIC Number: ED341471
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Taking Care: State Developments in Child Care.
National Governors' Association, Washington, DC. Center for Policy Research.
A survey of state policies and practices regarding child care that was conducted prior to most states' implementation of the Family Support Act is reported. The report summarizes the findings of that survey and provides information from other recent studies. State child care roles and responsibilities are assessed in four main areas: (1) states as regulators; (2) states as funders; (3) states as system builders; and (4) states as employers. Survey results indicate that a total of 30 states' baseline licensing standards for child/staff ratios in child care centers for children up to the age of one year already meet the high quality accreditation standards used by the National Association for the Education of Young Children. A total of 19 states require some type of training for family day care providers. States are shifting the methods by which they subsidize care, from purchase of service providers to provider agreements and vouchers. Half the states set a statewide rate to set the market price for subsidized care. Although 45 states use the Social Services Block Grant, a variety of other federal sources are also used. A total of 44 states spend more than $1 billion in state general revenues on child care per year. Outreach activities to the business community to promote employer-assisted child care are undertaken by 37 states. In general, evidence suggests that states are expanding and will continue to expand their role in child care. Ten tables provide statistical data. Contains 17 references. (LB)
Descriptors: Certification, Child Advocacy, Child Care Occupations, Day Care, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Employer Supported Day Care, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Financial Support, National Surveys, Public Policy, State Action, State Aid, State Programs, State Standards, Tables (Data), Training
National Governor's Association, 444 North Capitol Street, Washington, DC 20001-1572.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Commission for Employment Policy (DOL), Washington, DC.; Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Governors' Association, Washington, DC. Center for Policy Research.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Family Support Act 1988