ERIC Number: ED341461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Home Environment and Social Competence: A Look at Alternative Models of Environmental Action.
Bradley, Robert H.; And Others
The Infant Health and Development Program (IHDP) is an intervention designed to facilitate social development in low birthweight (LBW) children. This report does not deal with the full complexity of operations involving program components as they interact to shape social competence. Rather, the report represents a first or "setting" stage, a look at the ecology of social development in LBW children independent of intervention. The study's purpose was threefold: (1) to look at simple relationships between various aspects of home environment and components of social competence; (2) to study primacy and recency effects with respect to social competence at the age of 3 years; and (3) to identify interactions among home environment components that relate to social competence. Participants in the study were 549 children who had participated in the IHDP. The measures used were the HOME Inventory, Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist, Richman-Graham Behavior Checklist, Adaptive Social Behavior Inventory, and measures of mother-child interactions. As expected, the home environments of children with low birth weight were related to the social competence of the children. Significant relations were obtained from parental ratings of children's social problems and adaptive behavior and from direct observations of children's social behavior in problem-solving situations. Results suggest that intervention may have an effect when a child has a reasonably responsive environment in the first year of life. Five tables show the statistical correlations. Contains 7 references. (LB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).