ERIC Number: ED341433
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
[Computer Assisted Instruction.]
Broderick, Bill; And Others
Research in Developmental Education, v1 n1, v5 n2, 1983,1987
These two serial issues are devoted to the impact of computers on education, and specifically their effects on developmental education programs. First "The Effects of Computer-Based Instruction" summarizes the literature on the impact of computer-based instruction, including a study by James and Chen-Lin Kulik and Peter Cohen, which found that: (1) of 54 studies reviewed, 37 concluded that students participating in computer-based courses obtained higher test scores than students in conventional courses, while 17 studies favored those participating in conventional courses; (2) only seven studies dealt with the correlation between aptitude and achievement, of which four showed a higher correlation between aptitude and achievement in conventional sections; (3) course completion was more likely in conventional courses according to seven studies, while six studies reached the opposite conclusion; (4) the studies that measured student attitudes found the difference in attitudes towards the two kinds of classes to be small; and (5) the average time an instructor spent with students was significantly lower in computer-based classes, according to eight studies. In the second issue, "Computerized Writing Instruction in Developmental Writing Programs," by Bill Broderick and David Caverly, focuses on the incorporation of computer-assisted instruction and word processing into developmental writing programs and offers suggestions on how such instruction can be used effectively to enhance student writing in basic and developmental writing programs at each stage of the writing process (i.e., pre-writing, writing, editing, and publishing). The benefits and drawbacks of this model are discussed. (JMC)
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Computer Assisted Instruction, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Models, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Remedial Instruction, Student Evaluation, Word Processing, Writing Assignments, Writing (Composition), Writing Instruction, Writing Processes
Center for Developmental Education, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Appalachian State Univ., Boone, NC. Center for Developmental Education.