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ERIC Number: ED341284
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Handling of Impositions in Native-Non-Native Conversations.
Piirainen-Marsh, Arja
Some ways are discussed in which impositions (potentially face-threatening linguistic actions such as offers, requests, or complaints) are jointly negotiated by native (NS) and non-native speakers (NNS) in the process of interaction. Attention is focused on connected discourse features that are as much a part of the linguistic action negotiation as any utterance where a particular speech act is produced. The review addresses problems associated with looking at a single speech act as realizing (face-threatening) linguistic action. Following a discussion of those problems is a description of ways that negotiation is manifested in NS-NNS discourse. Examples are drawn from original research consisting of simulated task-oriented conversations between an English NS and a Bruneian second language speaker. Topics covered include speech acts in connected discourse, joint production of speech acts, strategies of politeness, indeterminacy and strategic ambiguity, interactional management of impositions, manipulation of interaction structure, types of responses, and negotiation at the global level. It is concluded that in order to fully understand the negotiation of impositions, different levels of conversational organization must be examined and the levels above the single speech act must be made an integral part of the analysis. In addition, the contributions of both NSs and NNSs should be considered. (LB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A