ERIC Number: ED341254
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
The Instructional Conversation: Teaching and Learning in Social Activity. Research Report: 2.
Tharp, Roland G.; Gallimore, Ronald
American education traditionally has used a "recitation script," a repeated assignment/assessment cycle. Contemporary educational reform is now emphasizing the fundamental, natural method of teaching, such as assisting learners through "instructional conversation." This method helps learners perform just beyond their current capacity. This assistance in the "zone of proximal development" awakens the mental capacities of learners of all ages. It is provided through the instructional conversation, a dialogue between the teacher and learners in which the teacher carefully listens to grasp the students' communicative intent, and tailors the dialogue to meet the emerging understanding of the learners. This pattern of relationship is appropriate for the communication of an entire school, in which teachers assist and converse with one another, administrators assist and converse with teachers, and administration provides activity settings in which these instructional conversations can occur. Contains 14 references. (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, Class Activities, Cognitive Ability, Diversity (Student), Educational Change, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Interpersonal Communication, Language Acquisition, Learning Processes, Second Language Instruction, Social Cognition, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods
Dissemination Coordinator, National Center for Research on Cultural Diversity and Second Language Learning, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1118 22nd Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Cultural Diversity and Second Language Learning, Santa Cruz, CA.