ERIC Number: ED341171
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
The Dynamics of Educational Reform: Simulation Studies of Educational Policy.
Ammentorp, William; And Others
The reforms currently proposed by educators and policymakers are based on two categories of assumptions: (1) changes in school organization will increase effective use of scarce resources; and (2) choices made by parents and children will effectively "match" students to appropriate learning environments. This paper presents a dynamic model of schooling that simulates student progress through several elementary school grades. The model accommodates the resource allocation and matching interventions found in reform policies and also recognizes the influence of student and family conditions on learning readiness and participation. The model utilizes data from a large metropolitan school district to incorporate the effects of risk factors. By varying model parameters, users can assess the dynamics of reform policy on schools and selected learner populations, raise risk-amelioration issues pertaining to particular school districts, and examine human service policy-balancing questions in selected school communities. The model clearly shows that current educational reform policies are not particularly effective in serving at-risk learners. When policies raise standards, there is increase in time needed to learn, and school resources are quickly depleted. Where students choose among alternative programs, those with highly adaptive behavior seek out schools where time spent in learning is available, leaving the less-adaptive student in a time-constrained environment. The model also demonstrates the need to include human service programming as an integral part of any reform intended for at-risk learners. (15 references) (Author/MLH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the University Council for Educational Administration (Baltimore, MD, October 25-27, 1991).