ERIC Number: ED341065
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Planning Text Together: The Role of Critical Reflection in Student Collaboration. Technical Report No. 52.
Higgins, Lorraine; And Others
A study examined the role of critical reflection in one particular writing context--that of collaborative planning. Subjects, 22 college freshmen enrolled in two core composition courses, were audiotaped as they planned course papers with a peer. Students formed pairs each consisting of a "writer" and a "partner" (supporter). The partner asked questions and encouraged the writer to develop his or her plan, aided by a set of rhetorical prompts. After completing the exercise the partners switched roles and repeated the process, thus giving each a chance to experience the collaboration from both sides. Transcripts were coded for reflective comments and were holistically rated for quality. Results indicated a significant correlation between the amount of reflective conversation and the quality of students' plans. Results also indicated: (1) students used reflection to identify problems, to search for and evaluate alternative plans, and to elaborate ideas through the process of justification; (2) problem-solving was most effective when reflection was sustained over many conversational turns; and (3) collaboration did not guarantee reflection. Findings suggest that how students represent collaboration and the writing assignment itself will determine whether and how they reflect on their own ideas. (Two figures and 2 tables of data are included; a list of 61 references is attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Writing, Berkeley, CA.; Center for the Study of Writing, Pittsburgh, PA.