ERIC Number: ED341003
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The More (Women), the Merrier: Social Density and Social Support.
Ruback, R. Barry; Riad, Jasmin K.
How the social density of a household affects interpersonal relations, physical health, and psychological well-being in neighborhoods with very low outside density, such as rural areas has not been examined. Two questionnaire studies of women in rural Georgia examined how social density affected respondents' interpersonal relations, physical health, and psychological well-being (Study 1) and social support (Study 2). In the first study respondents were 116 females who lived in a rural west Georgia county. Results from the first study indicated that perceived control over the environment was the strongest single predictor of psychological well-being and interpersonal relations. Generally, high social density had negative effects, although high social density of females appeared to have some positive effects. Based on that finding, it was hypothesized that social density of females was related to more received social support. In addition to testing whether and possible reasons why high social density of females is related to social support, Study 2 included a comparison group of men in order to replicate and extend the results from Study 1. Respondents were 94 males and 105 females who were approached in the only grocery store in the county. Results from Study 2 revealed that received emotional support was positively correlated with social density for female respondents but was not significantly correlated with social density for a comparison group of male respondents. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A