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ERIC Number: ED340990
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Construct Dimensionality of Victim Blame: The Situations of Physical Child Abuse and Rape.
Muller, Robert T.; And Others
Several investigations have demonstrated that individuals tend to blame the victims of personal misfortune. However, few studies have been conducted to determine the dimensionality of the victim blame construct. Previous research has distinguished between two kinds of self-blame: behavioral and characterological. Individuals may blame themselves for having engaged in a certain activity. Alternatively, an individual may blame him/herself for being the kind of person he/she is. Prior research has assumed that victim blame in the cases of rape is separate and distinct from victim blame in other areas, such as child abuse. This study investigated the dimensionality of the victim blame construct using college undergraduate subjects (N=897) enrolled in introductory psychology at Michigan State University. Subjects were administered child abuse and rape attitude surveys. It was hypothesized that the multidimensionality of victim blame would be corroborated. Specifically, it was asserted that blame directed toward child abuse victims and blame directed toward rape victims would emerge as separate constructs. Additionally, it was proposed that behavioral and characterological components of victim blame would emerge as distinct factors. The results did not support these hypotheses. Instead, the data were consistent with a hierarchical measurement model. That is, a global victim blame construct emerged with child blame and rape blame as specific factors. Both behavioral and characterological victim blame also appeared to stem from a more global victim blame construct. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A