ERIC Number: ED340971
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Holland's Theory and Effective Use of Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems. Technical Report No. 12.
Lenz, Janet G.; And Others
Career interventions, and the related research and theory on this topic continue to be one of the most productive areas of practice, research, and theory in counseling psychology. Many studies of client characteristics and counseling interventions have examined the relationship between constructs derived from Holland's theory of vocational choice and various types of counseling interventions. The focus of this study was to link what has been learned from the history of career interventions and the application of Holland's theory to the career interventions process, to the use of computer-assisted career guidance systems as a career guidance intervention, with the goal of improving practitioners' decisionmaking regarding the best use of this technology with various types of clients. Subjects (N=102) were individuals who sought assistance at a university-based career center. They consisted of 71 females (69.6%) and 31 males (30.4%) with a mean age of 20.8, primarily white (93.1%) and primarily sophomores (41.2%) and junior (21.6%). A variety of client characteristics were used to examine client reactions to using SIGI PLUS, a computer-assisted career guidance system. Regression analysis revealed that persons with higher Social and Enterprising scores on the Vocational Preference Inventory rated the system lower on its ability to help them acquire self- and occupational knowledge. Characteristics such as gender, differentiation, vocational identity, and career decidedness were not shown to have a significant effect with respect to the use of a computer-based career guidance intervention. The results support consideration of the unique personality characteristics of clients when prescribing computer-based interventions. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for the Study of Technology in Counseling and Career Development.