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ERIC Number: ED340964
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation of an AIDS Prevention Program for "At Risk" Parolees.
Wexler, Harry K.; And Others
Surveys of the nation's jail and prison populations suggest that about 75% have used illicit drugs at one time or another. Incidence rates for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) cases among prison inmates is much higher in correctional systems than in the population as a whole. In this study an AIDS prevention and education program for prison parolees with histories of intravenous (IV) drug use (ARRIVE) was evaluated. The program involved 8 weeks of training with 24 two-hour training sessions. Subjects included 320 males and 74 females. Program graduates (N=141) were compared with a comparable group of parolees (N=96) who did not participate in ARRIVE. Followup interviews were conducted 10 months after release into the community. The results showed that the ARRIVE program had a significant positive impact on the major outcome measures (drug use behaviors, sexual practices, knowledge of AIDS transmission and risk behaviors, attitudes towards AIDS and employment in AIDS prevention settings). This training model seems to have the potential for broader application among prison and parole populations. The ARRIVE model could function as an outpatient transitional program for parolees that are at-risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection due to prior histories of IV drug use. Post-release residential drug abuse treatment is not an option for the great majority of paroled addicts. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A