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ERIC Number: ED340963
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Significant Others and Self-Esteem of American and Australian Early Adolescents.
Juhasz, Anne McCreary
Those who are perceived as significant others influence the perceiver's self-evaluation. Age and gender differences in choice of significant others should reflect variation in cultural and familial values. On the other hand, if one accepts age stage developmental theories, one would expect consistency across cultures. In this study significant others of Australian and American early adolescents were compared. Subjects were 32 female and 45 male American and 74 female and 26 male Australian 10- to 12-year-olds, all of whom were white and attended Catholic schools in suburban areas. The subjects responded to the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Marsh Self-Description Questionnaire, and the Juhasz Significant Others Scale. Self-esteem scores of Americans were significantly higher than those of Australians. However, parents were more significant to Australians, especially fathers, who were least frequently chosen as important by American girls. As expected mothers were chosen most frequently by both males and females in both countries. Teachers were rarely viewed as significant. The major findings of this study indicate a trend for American adolescents to individuate and separate from parents at an earlier age than do their Australian counterparts. Fewer of them perceive parents to be significant influences on feelings of self-esteem. In summary, findings from Australian and American adolescents revealed similarities in choice of significant others but gender differences cross-culturally in some respects. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A