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ERIC Number: ED340951
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Aug-17
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Coping Styles, Self-Concept, and Stress.
Morrison, Charles R.; And Others
College students employ a number of cognitive strategies to help them cope with stress and anxiety. Some students expect to do well and have done well in the past (optimists), while others have done well in the past but expect to perform poorly on future tasks (defense-pessimists). Such coping strategies have been presumed to cushion self-esteem from threatening situations. This study questioned the assumption that coping strategies primarily cushion global self-esteem by examining which specific components or facets of self-concept differentiate optimists from defensive-pessimists. The relative strengths of 13 components of self-concept were compared between groups of college students (N=209) living on campus at a northwestern university, utilizing distinct coping strategies. The results indicated that strategies may have differential costs in the form of levels of stress. This study provides a new view of the dynamics and implications of coping styles used in academic situations. Rather than assume that coping styles are cushioning strategies for "self-esteem" per se, it is just as likely that they have more specificity and cushion weak or poorly developed facets of the self. Regarding stress, indeed defensive-pessimists and those without consistent coping strategies showed themselves to be more stressed that optimists. Although non-optimistic strategies may work, they may not be worth the price of long term stress. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A