ERIC Number: ED340844
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Challenges to the Attainment of Women's Literacy.
Stromquist, Nelly P.
Literacy for women is a frequently voiced need that most governments recognize officially as a high priority. Despite the expansion of public education, women (particularly poor and rural women) continue to show adult literacy rates lower than those of men. Five key challenges to the attainment of literacy emerge for women. The first challenge is to engage in action while considering simultaneously the powerful contributions made by feminist theory and analysis. Theory is important because it identifies the main factors sustaining gender inequalities and clarifies the historical pattern of subordination; analysis forecasts that the problem of illiteracy of poor women will not be solved through ingenious program design because the problem exceeds technical boundaries. The second challenge is that of strategy. Four strategic challenges are as follows: to combine women's practical and strategic needs effectively; to combine political/psychological knowledge with skills that enable women to generate income; to combat false dichotomies permeating much discourse on social and gender transformation; and to pay attention to the process by which literacy is attained. The third challenge is to select implementing agencies. The fourth challenge is research concerning the literacy of women in four major categories: pedagogical, family/household-related, societal, and state-related considerations. The fifth challenge is policy implementation. (14 references) (YLB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the symposium "Women and Literacy: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow," sponsored by the Nordic Association for the Study of Education in Developing Countries (Hasselby, Sweden, June 1989).