ERIC Number: ED340782
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jan-16
Reference Count: N/A
A Retrospective and an Analysis of Roles of Mandated Testing in Education Reform.
Archbald, Douglas A.; Porter, Andrew C.
The role and influence of mandated testing in educational reform are reviewed. Mandated testing refers to large-scale (districtwide or statewide) multiple-choice testing programs used for policy purposes of evaluation and accountability, which includes nationally normed standardized achievement tests and tests custom-developed to reflect state and district educational objectives. Part 1 of this document provides a historical context dating back to the mid-1970s, describing the growth of mandated testing and its roles. Part 2 discusses current critiques of mandated testing and disillusionment with the top-down model. The detrimental effects of mandated testing on curriculum and teaching are reviewed, with the suggestion that criticism goes beyond evidence for too much testing and central control. Part 3 describes the growing support for comprehensive curriculum reform and for more coherent approaches to education reform in general. It is argued that testing and restructuring should be driven by a single, curriculum-based set of goals. Four tables provide detailed information, and two appendices give supplemental information. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accountability, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Utilization, Multiple Choice Tests, Policy Formation, School Districts, State Programs, Student Evaluation, Test Use, Testing Problems, Testing Programs
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
Authoring Institution: N/A