ERIC Number: ED340775
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Examination Systems in the European Community: Implications for a National Examination System in the United States.
Madaus, George F.; Kellaghan, Thomas
Whatever the cause of present-day problems in American education, there is little doubt that proposals for national curricula and examinations are a response to widely-held perceptions of serious problems in the schools. Although national examinations have been proposed, there has been little consideration of their purposes and structures. The evolution of testing policy in the United States is reviewed, and six proposals to establish national examinations in this country are considered. The second part of the paper describes the complexity, operation, and contexts of the examination systems of the member countries of the European Community, with particular attention to France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. The focus is on examination systems with the function of certifying students, rather than examinations that are national assessment systems similar to the National Assessment of Educational Progress. Whether or not national examinations would work in the United States as they do in Europe is not clear. European countries do not have external systems of examination outside the public school examination system, and teachers and government inspectors are an integral part of the school examination system. In the United States, a new infrastructure will be required for national examinations. Seven tables present comparative information about the European examination systems. An 185-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States