ERIC Number: ED340768
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Dec-5
An alternative to multiple-choice testing is suggested for educational assessment. The use of what is called "multiple-rating items" is proposed. A multiple-rating item calls for the examinee to rate all of a set of things instead of picking one as with a multiple-choice item. The respondent has to provide a specific rating of each entry. Such items make it possible to retain the advantages of multiple-choice items (simplicity and reliability of scoring and comprehensive coverage), while avoiding most of their weaknesses. Multiple-rating items are faster to compose than good multiple-choice items and as fast as essay items if the time for composing a scoring sheet is included. They are easy to mark and can be machine-scored. Multiple-rating items do require that one learn how to construct and mark them; they are still a something of a novelty. Advantages include exceptional suitability for job-relevant training of teachers, researchers, and many other professionals; testing trans-curriculum skills; and moving students to the metacognitive level of learning how to evaluate their own work. It is suggested that most choice items beyond tests of rote knowledge and simple discrimination skills should be converted into or replaced by multiple-rating items. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A