ERIC Number: ED340762
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
A Proposal for the National Assessment of Higher-Order Thinking at the Community College, College, and University Levels.
Paul, Richard W.; Nosich, Gerald M.
Conceptual foundations of a process for assessing higher-order thinking are reviewed, and a viable model for carrying out the process is presented. The first section of the paper formulates 21 criteria that should be met by any process adequate to the task. The second section outlines the basic concept of critical thinking on which the paper is based and explains how a rich and substantive concept of critical thinking, grounded in research, provides a plausible foundation for accomplishing the 21 objectives offered in response to the criteria. The third section explicates the following four domains essential to critical thinking: (1) elements of thought; (2) macro-abilities, or basic modes of reasoning; (3) traits of the mind (affective dimensions); and (4) universal intellectual standards. The fourth section contains recommendations for a process and a time-table for assessing higher order thinking skills at the postsecondary level. Six figures illustrate the discussion, and two appendices provide supplemental information. A 20-item list of recommended readings is provided. Also provided are critiques by L. Boehm, P. A. Facione, and R. K. Hambleton. (SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A