ERIC Number: ED340678
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-13
Reference Count: N/A
Yoshukai Karate: Curriculum Innovation for At-Risk Youths.
Berry, Judith L.
The purpose of this experimental study was to determine the behavioral effects of Yoshukai karate on four dependent variables: (1) student behavior as related to classroom discipline; (2) teacher attitudes toward at-risk students; (3) students' self-concepts; and (4) academic achievement as determined by scores on a standardized diagnostic test. An objective of the study was to provide information which could help educators reach students who were at risk of failing academically, dropping out of school, or becoming delinquent. Subjects were 40 middle school students (grades 7 and 8, ages 13-14) labeled by the school faculty and administration as at risk for academic failure or dropping out. All of the students had been referred to the principal for both minor and major conduct violations. The 20 students in the experimental group received 1 hour per day of Yoshukai karate for 12 weeks while the 20 students in the control group were assigned to 1 hour per day of study hall for the 12 weeks. During the 12-week period of instruction, emphasis was placed upon self-discipline, honor, and respect. Results of the study indicated a significant difference in the classroom behavior and self-concepts of students in the experimental group following Yoshukai karate instruction. Much of this document consists of a literature review; 34 references are included.) (IAH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama