ERIC Number: ED340547
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Distance Education Handbook. An Administrator's Guide for Rural and Remote Schools.
Barker, Bruce O.
This handbook presents a snapshot view of the use of telecommunications technologies to deliver instruction to distant audiences of K-12 students in the United States. The information is intended specifically for people who work in and with small, rural, or remote schools. Available technologies and programming vary widely in offerings and quality. Before selecting a particular program or distant learning system, administrators must consider the issues of the system's purpose, who controls the system, costs, course offerings, scheduling, class size, level of teacher-student interaction, qualifications and evaluation of teleteachers, qualifications and duties of classroom facilitators, and grading and routing class materials. Thirteen types of interactive distance learning technologies are described, and typical costs are outlined. Details are provided on specific programs and projects that use audio conferencing, audiographics teleteaching, fiber optics or microwave, instructional television fixed services, and direct satellite broadcasts. Only limited research on the effectiveness of K-12 distance learning has been completed. This handbook reports available evidence on student achievement, instructional effectiveness, administrator and student satisfaction, teaching methods, teacher-student relationship, and cost effectiveness. Advantages and disadvantages are outlined for satellite, audiographics, and two-way full-motion TV delivery. The final chapter discusses the opportunities that distance education is providing to rural areas and the ways in which it changes the ongoing debate about small rural schools. This book contains 30 references and an annotated bibliography of 35 documents about distance education that are in the ERIC database. (SV)
Descriptors: Administrator Guides, Distance Education, Educational Planning, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Small Schools, Telecommunications
ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Appalachia Educational Laboratory, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325 ($10.00).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.