ERIC Number: ED340537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Are Small Schools the Answer? Cost Effective Strategies for Rural School Provision.
This book compares small schools in various countries with large ones and offers cost effective strategies for small schools. Part I focuses on social, economic, and educational issues related to small schools. Small schools are beneficial to their communities as centers of social development. In addition, small schools have a more cooperative environment than large schools, and student achievement is usually as good or better. On the negative side, small schools may have a limited curriculum and less qualified teachers. Part II offers suggestions for operating small schools effectively. Economically viable teaching groups can be formed through multigrade classes and biennial and triennial intakes. Staffing small schools involves consideration of minimum staff numbers, the types of teachers needed, and provision of teacher training. Central administration support can be provided through systems for sharing resources among small schools, school broadcasts, and correspondence courses. Part III discusses the decision to make schools larger. Catchment areas can be expanded through boarding and bussing. Schools can also be made larger by raising enrollment rates, constructing "straight-through" (K-12) schools, or dividing the population more rationally between schools in a catchment. Part IV concludes that circumstances vary widely, and that education authorities must weigh the advantages and disadvantages of small schools for themselves. This document contains an annotated bibliography of further readings. (KS)
Descriptors: Boarding Schools, Community Involvement, Consolidated Schools, Cost Effectiveness, Curriculum Development, Economic Factors, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, International Education, Multigraded Classes, Parent Participation, Rural Schools, School Community Relationship, Small Schools, Social Influences, Teacher Characteristics
Commonwealth Secretariat Publications, Marlborough House, Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5HX, England, United Kingdom (4.00 British pounds).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commonwealth Secretariat, London (England).