ERIC Number: ED340506
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Styles. What Research Says to the Teacher Series.
Reiff, Judith C.
This monograph reviews several approaches for describing learning styles and the instructional implications of an emphasis on learning styles for teachers. Several reasons for the importance of understanding individual learning styles are provided; such understanding leads to: (1) reduction of teacher and student frustration; (2) higher student achievement and an improved self-concept; (3) accommodation of a variety of learners in a classroom; (4) the versatility that is crucial to learning; and (5) improved communication with administrators, parents, counselors, and other staff. Cognitive, affective, and physiological learning styles are considered. Approaches for describing cognitive styles include brain theories, conceptual tempo, field dependence/field independence, mind styles, modalities, and multiple intelligences. Approaches for describing affective styles include conceptual systems theory and psychological types. Finally, approaches for describing physiological styles revolve around elements of learning styles which have been classified into four kinds of stimuli: environmental, emotional, sociological, and physical. Six approaches for incorporating instruction that takes learning styles into account in the classroom are provided. They are: (1) pedagogical intelligence; (2) Carol Hall's Living Classroom; (3) whole language; (4) Foxfire activities; (5) the 4MAT System; and (6) the DICSIE (Describe, Interact, Control, Select, Instruct, Evaluate) Model. It is concluded that teachers pass through several stages in their understanding of children's learning styles, and it is emphasized that administrative support, staff development, peer coaching, parent education, and personal determination and commitment are crucial in a positive learning styles classroom. A bibliography of 172 references is appended. (GLR)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Style, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Individual Differences, Learning Modalities, Self Concept, Self Esteem, Teacher Behavior, Teaching Methods, Teaching Styles, Whole Language Approach
NEA Professional Library, P.O. Box 509, West Haven, CT 06516 (Stock No. 1092-2-00, $3.95).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC.