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ERIC Number: ED340504
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Development of Behavioral Inhibition: Infant Temperament and Maternal Style.
Arcus, Doreen
This study examines the contributions of infant temperament and maternal style to the development of behavioral inhibition during the first year of life. It was hypothesized that children whose mothers allowed them to experience small amounts of frustration, thereby allowing the child to develop coping strategies for such situations, would show less inhibition than other children. Two extreme groups of infants were selected at 4 months based on their reactions to change and variation in auditory, visual, and olfactory stimuli: (1) infants who demonstrated high degrees of motor activity and crying, and fast heart rate; and (2) infants who showed low degrees of the same characteristics. Infants and their mothers were videotaped in their homes when infants were 5, 7, 9, 11, and 13 months old. Visits to the homes revealed individual differences among mothers in their responses to infants' crying and fretting, and in limit-setting behavior. Results indicated that mothers of highly reactive children who were indirect in their limit-setting late in the first year, and highly responsive to fretting and crying early in the first year, facilitated the actualization of an inhibited profile given the infant's initial temperamental bias. Both infant temperament and maternal style contributed to the display of fearless or fearful behavior in laboratory assessment when infants were 14 months old. (GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A