ERIC Number: ED340488
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Serving Children and Families Effectively: How the Past Can Help Chart the Future.
Edelman, Peter B.; Radin, Beryl A.
This fourth document in the Education and Human Services Consortium's Series on Collaboration puts current efforts to create comprehensive and coordinated child and family-serving systems in a 30-year context of related endeavors. Starting from the premise that thinking about ways to structure and improve human services has been clouded by decades of myth, counter-myth, and nonproductive rhetoric, the paper proceeds by systematically sorting through this inheritance to develop a new perspective for the 1990s. In the course of the analysis numerous service and access models of the 1960s and 1970s, and the paper concludes by offering five lessons for the future based on the experiences of the past. The lessons concern: (1) the importance of modesty and humility (that is, of not raising expectations beyond some point of real possibility); (2) an awareness of limited resources; (3) the need for diversity and collaboration; (4) the effects of complexity; and (5) the need to build synergy. The service delivery and access models of multiservice centers and settlement houses are discussed. The planning and resource allocation models considered are the Youth Bureau model and state and local offices for children. Models for specific places, such as Model Cities, are also noted. A commentary by Sidney L. Gardner raises additional issues, including the need for outcome measures, changes in funding approaches, and the need for planning. Contains 5 references. (LB)
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Child Welfare, Community Services, Cooperative Planning, Delivery Systems, Family Programs, Financial Support, Models, Public Policy, Social Services, Trend Analysis
IEL, 1001 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036-5541 ($3.00 prepaid).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Educational Leadership, Washington, DC.; Education and Human Services Consortium, Washington, DC.