ERIC Number: ED340469
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Alternative and Nonformal Approaches To Provide Primary Level Education for Out-of-School Children: A Synthesis of Case Studies.
de Armengol, Mercy Abreu
This report by the UNESCO Institute for Education compares approaches to providing nonformal education to out-of-school children in Bangladesh, Burundi, Colombia, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The report analyzes some of the educational and demographic characteristics of the six countries, and the countries' policies concerning universal primary education and nonformal education. A profile for each of the six programs includes descriptions of the program's target population and its origin and evolution. For each of the six programs, the report also discusses: (1) structure and organization, including the contribution of nongovernmental organizations; (2) the development of curricula, which are generally based on formal education curricula; (3) special characteristics and innovative methods of the teaching-learning process for nonformal education; (4) learning materials, which include textbooks; (5) various types and varied amounts of training required for nonformal teachers; (6) strategies used for evaluating the programs and the students participating in the programs; and (7) financial support of the programs by governments, the church, and international agencies; and community support and participation. Program innovations and outcomes, including increased literacy and student achievement, are reviewed. Problems related to nonformal education, such as scarcity of resources, are discussed. (BC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Case Studies, Children, Curriculum Development, Developing Nations, Dropouts, Educational Innovation, Educational Policy, Elementary Education, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Homeless People, Instructional Materials, Literacy, Nonformal Education, Outcomes of Education, Program Descriptions, Program Evaluation, Student Evaluation, Teacher Education, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Hamburg (West Germany). Inst. for Education.
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh; Burundi; Colombia; India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka