ERIC Number: ED340362
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jan
A Report on the Research and Development of Instructional Simulation.
West, Charles K.; And Others
The purpose of this report is to communicate findings on current knowledge of simulation design, development, and evaluation. Research on this project was guided by questions posed by the Defense Systems Management College in Fort Belvoir, Virginia. These questions fall into three categories: the constituents of good instructional simulations, the design and development of instructional simulations, and the evaluation and testing of instructional simulations. This work is based on careful review and analysis of the literature on the topic, and is supplemented by interviews with developers and users. Highlights of the report include: (1) emphasis on the need for an empirical approach in simulation design; (2) recommended set of phases for using instructional simulations which can serve as an instructional simulation users guide to increase learning from simulations; (3) comparison of the cost/benefits of simulation compared to other instructional methods; (4) instructional effectiveness of simulations and their fidelity to what is represented; (5) design steps; (6) discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of task, cognitive, or affective analysis during simulation design; (7) overview of instructional effects research; (8) frame or checklist for conducting a content analysis to evaluate the potential of an instructional simulation; and (9) procedures for conducting evaluations of simulation learning. The appendices contain a paper, "Computers in Instructional Simulation" (James E. Snellen and Steven L. Murray); a 116-item bibliography; a copy of the interview form used; and samples of interview reports. (57 references) (DB)
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Games, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Design, Instructional Effectiveness, Intermode Differences, Interviews, Learning Activities, Models, Postsecondary Education, Program Evaluation, Research and Development, Simulation, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Defense Systems Management Coll., Fort Belvoir, VA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A