ERIC Number: ED340361
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
High-Performance Computing: Industry Uses of Supercomputers and High-Speed Networks. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Information Management and Technology Div.
This report was prepared in response to a request for information on supercomputers and high-speed networks from the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. The following information was requested: (1) examples of how various industries are using supercomputers to improve products, reduce costs, save time, and provide other benefits; (2) barriers preventing the increased use of supercomputers; and (3) examples of how certain industries are using and benefitting from high-speed networks. The review of supercomputers examined five industries--oil, aerospace, automobile, chemical, and pharmaceutical. These industries are known for using supercomputers to solve complex problems for which solutions might otherwise be unattainable. Appendices II through V provide detailed accounts--drawn from 24 companies contacted within these industries--of how supercomputers are used to improve products and provide other benefits. Information was also obtained from 10 companies in the oil, automobile, and computer industries on their use of high-speed computer networks. Appendices I, VI, and VII, respectively, provide additional information on the objectives, scope, and methodology of the review, and identify the companies contacted to assess their use of supercomputers and high-speed networks. (DB)
Descriptors: Aerospace Industry, Business Communication, Computer Networks, Computer Simulation, Computer Software, Cost Effectiveness, Industry, Postsecondary Education, Problem Solving, Surveys, Technological Advancement, Use Studies
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first five copies: free, additional copies: $2.00 each).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Information Management and Technology Div.