ERIC Number: ED340326
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1991.
Astin, Alexander W.; And Others
This report presents national normative data on the major trends and characteristics of 1.6 million students attending American colleges and universities as first-time, full-time freshmen. The normative data are reported separately for men and for women and for 35 different institutional groupings. Among the findings are the following: (1) student interests in business continues to decline for the fourth straight year; (2) students are being affected by the current economic recession; (3) student interest in doctoral degrees reached an all-time high (12.5 percent), and interest in medical degrees, at 6.9 percent, reached its highest point since 1976; (3) students who frequently smoke cigarettes increased for the fourth straight year to 11.3 percent, after a decline of nearly 50 percent between 1966 and 1987; (4) the percentage of students who consider themselves "liberal" or "far left" increased for the second straight year (to 25.7 percent from 23.6 percent in 1989); (5) the percentage of freshmen with A or A+ high school grade point averages reached an all-time high (23.5 percent versus 12.5 percent in 1989); and (6) trends suggest that students are using alcohol and, until recently, cigarettes, much less than in the past. Appendices include the research methodology, the 1991 student information form, a list of institutions participating in the freshman survey, and the precision of the normative data and their comparisons. Appendixes make up half of the document; they present the research methodology, the 1991 Student Information Form, the coding scheme for collapsed items, a list of institutions participating in the freshman survey, an explanation of the precision of the normative data and their comparisons, and a sample of the report furnished to campuses participating in the 1991 Cooperative Institutional Research Program. (GLR)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, College Freshmen, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Grades (Scholastic), Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, National Norms, National Surveys, Political Issues, Secondary Education, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Student Educational Objectives, Student Interests, Trend Analysis
Higher Education Research Institute, Graduate School of Education, 320 Moore Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1521 ($20.00).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Research Inst., Inc., Los Angeles, CA.; American Council on Education, Washington, DC.
Note: For a related document, see HE 025 180 and ED 303 133. A product of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program.