ERIC Number: ED340319
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Dec
Understanding Basic Teaching Methods: Profile of Discussion, Lecture, and Personalized Systems of Instruction.
Miller, Michael T.
This paper introduces and compares three types of college level teaching: discussion, lecture, and personalized systems. The discussion method is described and identified as one that allows the learner to question and probe, giving increased internalization, greater acceptance of conclusions than other teaching methods, and other benefits. The lecture method is described as one of the oldest and most widely used forms of instruction, with certain limitations but with the advantage of ease of preparation. The development and use of personalized systems of instruction (PSI) are described, with special attention given to proper implementation. Research has found that most PSI systems are extremely effective and fall into either a behavior-referenced structure or an experience-referenced structure. A comparison of the three methods finds that the PSI approach is consistently effective and highly rated by students and that PSI and discussion techniques increase student feelings of ownership and enhance learning. However, the paper notes that teaching is both a personal and professional matter and that contextual issues such as teacher motivation, time requirements and demands, student enrollment, and accountability cannot be ignored in the selection of techniques. Included are 16 references. (JB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A