ERIC Number: ED340289
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Assessing Progress in Minority Access and Achievement in American Higher Education. ECS Working Papers: State Policy and Assessment in Higher Education.
Nettles, Michael T.
This paper advances the perspective that more frequent and comprehensive assessments, and more frequent and complete evaluations of college and university programs, are essential if colleges and universities are to improve minority access and achievement. Without denying the need to create new sources of data and information for measuring achievement in higher education, this study relied upon existing sources, many of them under-used. In order to begin assessing the pool of minority college candidates, forecasts of future enrollments and characteristics of prospective students are reviewed including the current growth rate of minority populations and current indicators of various groups' educational preparedness. A discussion of institutional climate (student attitudes, behaviors and experiences and institutional programs, practices and policies) and its contribution to student and institutional outcomes are also discussed with data indicating that these factors consistently play an important role in minority success. A further discussion of the measurement of student outcomes and their use in assessment is included. A conclusion examines the tension between greater access and college and university quality and the place of assessment overall in institutional action to increase minority success in higher education. Included are eight tables and 60 references. (JB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, College Outcomes Assessment, Educational Assessment, Educational Attainment, Educational Quality, Enrollment Projections, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Institutional Environment, Institutional Evaluation, Minority Groups, Program Evaluation, School Holding Power, Student Characteristics
ECS Distribution Center, 707 17th Street, Suite 2700, Denver, CO 80202-3427 (Stock No. PA-91-1: $6.00 each plus postage and handling).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.