ERIC Number: ED340239
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Communicative Skills Acquisition: A Recommended Resource.
Communication in written and oral discourse can be enhanced by cohesive devices, linguistic structures independent of grammar. One cohesive device is that of enumeration or listing. In French, the means of expressing enumeration include such structures as: "avant...puis.../d'une part...d'autre part.../enfin.../ensuite..." and in idiolectal use, "sinon." Cohesive devices are most common in certain text types, including editorials, speeches, and summaries in which the author is seeking to convince or persuade, or where the devices are required to express underlying coherence with maximum clarity in limited time or space. Other enumerative devices include: (1) "egalement, quant a, ainsi" to indicate sequence and example; (2) "premier point, d'autre part, enfin" for triple enumeration; (3) "precisons d'abord que/ajoutons a cela que, en principe/en realite" to indicate contradistinction; (4) temporal devices such as "autrefois/aujourd'hui, pour certains/pour d'autres"; (5) "tout d'abord, quant au, cependant" for listing points of information; and (6) "pour ce qui est du/tandis que" for separation of information into discrete units or for contrast. Analysis of these devices is informative for second language students. A variety of exercises can be used for identifying, classifying, and practicing the devices. (MSE)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A