ERIC Number: ED340208
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Teacher Supervision, Prescription, Training, and Development.
Gebhard, Jerry G.
A discussion of the distinctions made between teacher training (preservice) and development (inservice) focuses on these issues in the context of supervision of teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL). Knowledge from the larger field of education is applied to the interactions of teacher and supervisor. The supervisor's role is seen from the following perspectives: as a prescriptive function; as an observer and change agent of discrete teaching behaviors; and as a catalyst for teacher understanding of the total context and processes of classroom teaching and learning. The ways in which users of each approach define and work toward instructional improvement are considered, and the benefits and problems of each approach are examined. It is concluded that the most useful approach to teacher supervision combines both training and development, providing both the means for teachers to become more aware of what it is to be a teacher and skills for making more informed teaching decisions. A 24-item bibliography is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Guest lecture given to teacher educators at Janus Pannonius University, Pecs, Hungary.