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ERIC Number: ED340207
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Of English Marks and American Reviewers.
Spolsky, Bernard
A discussion of the differences between the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), an American test battery, and the Cambridge English Examinations (Cambridge), a British battery, focuses on the different approaches to language test development embodied in the tests as the source of difficulty in translating between them for individual examinees. Drawing on the results of one statistical comparative study, two alternative approaches to test comparison are suggested: (1) considering the effectiveness of the two test batteries in achieving their tasks; and (2) examining their usefulness for making admission, proficiency, and instructional decisions. The development of the two tests is viewed from both philosophical and historical perspectives. It is suggested that the tests emerged from different world views, one emphasizing a scientific approach and characterized by unease with personal decision-making, and the other a traditional humanistic approach characterized by distrust of formulas and mathematical predictions. A 17-item bibliography is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of English as a Foreign Language