ERIC Number: ED340105
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec
Educational Policy and Educational Practice.
McLaughlin, Milbrey W.
Cycles of educational reform initiatives and their effects on practice are reviewed in this paper, which focuses on the relationship between state and federal policy and local practices. The first part discusses the first generation of reform that began with the passage of the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Such reforms were generally redistributive and categorical, resulting in changes in the context of educational practice and in a separation between governance and instruction. Second-generation reform policies, which featured the states, are discussed next. The two waves within this second era focused on state regulation of instruction and practice and on issues of professionalism and local responses, respectively. Different objectives, notions of the "problem," assumptions about policy solutions, and social/political contexts characterize each generation of educational policy. A conclusion is that the complexity of teaching practice prevents generalized, consistent change by policy. (31 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on the Context of Secondary School Teaching.