ERIC Number: ED340095
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Is Jomtien Irrelevant to Latin America? Adjusting Education While Adjusting the Economy. Development Discussion Paper No. 388-ES.
Reimers, Fernando M.
This paper challenges the commonly held view that Latin America has solved its access problems to primary education. The consequences of this view would be that the policy recommendations of the World Conference on Education for All, held in Jomtien, Thailand, in 1990 would be less applicable to Latin America than to Africa or Asia. The first part of the paper documents how education in Latin America today is characterized by low levels of learning, severe inequities in opportunities to learn, and high repetition rates. The second section examines the changes in the provision of education, which resulted from the impact of adjustment on households, education finance, schools, and ministries of education. The last section of the paper proposes five ideas for an education reform agenda: (1) the need for more resources at the basic levels; (2) a renewed sense of purpose for education, focusing on equity and quality; (3) a recognition that quality is not a uni-dimensional concept; (4) information as a central resource guide and monitor change; and (5) institutionalization of mechanisms for strategic planning, policy continuity, and policy change. The paper draws on information collected from: a survey of education policymakers in Latin America; conversations with educators and policymakers in trips to Colombia, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela; and a survey of 64 rural teachers, 1,250 students and 640 mothers in Honduras as well as documents referenced in the text. (Author/LMI)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Inst. for International Development.