ERIC Number: ED339958
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr-19
Factors Associated with Self-Esteem in Sixth through Ninth Graders.
Those who guide and work with children are interested in enabling them to build concepts about themselves that lead to higher self-esteem. This study investigated factors associated with self-esteem in sixth through ninth graders. The independent variables were locus of control, family structure, sex role, gender, grade level, and parental alcohol usage. Instruments used were the Personal Attribute Inventory, the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale, the BEM Sex-Role Inventory, and a Student Information Sheet. The sample consisted of 163 students from a middle and a junior high school. Six composite null hypotheses were tested using three-way analysis of variance. A total of 28 comparisons were made with an additional 14 recurring comparisons. Of the five comparisons that were significant, three were for main effects and two for interactions. The significant main effects were: family structure for the dependent variable self-esteem; and sex role for both the dependent variables self-esteem and locus of control. The significant interactions were between family structure and locus of control, and between family structure and sex role for the dependent variable self-esteem. The results support an association between: (1) family structure and self-esteem; (2) sex role and self-esteem; and (3) sex role and locus of control. An interaction between family structure, locus of control, and self-esteem and an interaction between family structure, sex role, and self-esteem were supported. (Author/LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: M.S. Thesis, Fort Hays State University.