ERIC Number: ED339939
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Comparison of Values and Roles for Adult Women and Men from Five International Cultures.
Kimmel, Ellen B.; Nevill, Dorothy D.
This study examined sex differences in values and roles reported by five samples of adults from North America and Europe. The data were derived from a larger set gathered as part of the Work Importance Study (WIS) in which researchers in a dozen countries developed the two instruments in their own language. The question posed here related to the number, direction, and pattern of sex differences among the adults for whom these data were available by sex. Subjects included 5,160 English-speaking Canadians, 1,222 French-speaking Canadians, 1,836 United States citizens, 344 Yugoslavs, and 136 Portuguese adults for whom data on sex differences were available on both scales. Instruments used were the Salience Inventory and the Values Scale. In viewing the pattern of sex differences across cultures, it was apparent that there is a range. English-speaking Canadians showed the greatest number of sex differences, while Francofone Canadians showed the fewest. Since Portuguese and Yugoslavian participants showed similar patterns to those from the United States, both in terms of number and direction, it cannot be argued that women's greater participation in political and economic change in the United States resulting in presumably expanded roles has produced substantially different values relations between sexes. As a group, the women from the five samples indicated higher values and participation than the men. The patterns of difference reflected some traditional and some nontraditional relations. (LLL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Portugal; United States; Yugoslavia