ERIC Number: ED339924
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Job Training Partnership Act. Racial and Gender Disparities in Services. Report to the Chairman, Legislation and National Security Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
The services provided to various demographic groups under the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) were reviewed to determine the extent to which disparities occur in the services provided to women and minorities, factors within the operation of local projects that contribute to such disparities, and efforts by states and the Department of Labor to monitor the services. Information showing the number of JTPA participants by demographic groups receiving each mode of service (classroom training, on-the-job training, or job search assistance) for high school graduates was provided by 16 states. Results of the study showed statistically significant disparities in the services provided to minorities, especially blacks. White participants were more likely than blacks to receive classroom or on-the-job training, whereas blacks were more likely to receive only job search assistance. Women received classroom training more often than men, but they were less likely to get training for jobs with higher wages. Factors contributing to disparities included the following: self-selection by participants; financial incentives in performance-based contracts; the lack of an independent and comprehensive participant assessment process; the lack of support services for some women and minorities; and the discriminatory actions of employers, with acquiescence by program staff. Monitoring activities by states and the Department of Labor were inadequate. Recommendations were made to eliminate racial and gender disparities in JTPA provision of services. (Appendixes include information on background and methodology, disparities in training for minorities and women, factors contributing to disparities, inadequate state and labor monitoring, and major contributors to the report.) (KC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Blacks, Federal Programs, Females, Job Training, Minority Groups, Nontraditional Education, Nontraditional Occupations, Postsecondary Education, Racial Discrimination, Sex Discrimination
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first copy free; additional copies $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982