ERIC Number: ED339825
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Making Ends Meet: Midlife and Older Women's Search for Economic Self-Sufficiency through Job Training and Employment.
Midlife and older women are at an economic disadvantage relative to their male counterparts and younger women. Older women should be served by the nation's employment, training, and vocational programs. Interviews with participants and operators of employment and training programs identified six program components needed to serve older women: (1) esteem building and career information; (2) education and basic skills; (3) occupational skills training; (4) support services; (5) follow-up assistance; and (6) targeted funding. Participation by these women in three federal programs was examined: the Job Training Partnership Act, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act, and Section 502(e) of Title V of the Older Americans Act. None of the three federal programs regularly provides all six components. Six policy recommendations would improve job training and employment programs: adequate funding, language targeting older women, better coordination, support services, a universal data collection system, and federal leadership in knowledge exchange. Present and proposed federal provisions that support older women's economic self-sufficiency through employment should be reviewed by policymakers, administrators, and advocates to formulate strategies. (Endnotes and summary descriptions of the three federal programs are included.) (NLA)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Career Counseling, Change Strategies, Cooperative Programs, Coordination, Cultural Awareness, Data Collection, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Financial Support, Independent Living, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Force, Labor Market, Middle Aged Adults, Older Adults, Self Esteem, Services, Sex Discrimination, Vocational Followup
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Florence V. Burden Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Older Women's League, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Carl D Perkins Vocational Education Act 1984; Job Training Partnership Act 1982; Older Americans Act 1965