ERIC Number: ED339613
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
SQUARE ONE TV: Using Television To Enhance Children's Problem Solving.
Esty, Edward T.; Fisch, Shalom M.
The current period in mathematics education can be characterized as one of reform. Among the goals of the proponents of the movement are that children learn to value mathematics, become confident in their ability, and become mathematical problem solvers. A pretest/posttest experimental design study examined the effects of SQUARE ONE TV, a television series about mathematics aimed at 8- to 12-year-old children, on the problem-solving behavior and attitudes toward mathematics of 240 fifth graders from 4 public schools in Corpus Christi, Texas. Attitude data was collected from a subgroup of 24 students exposed to 30 SQUARE ONE TV programs and from 24 students in a control group having no SQUARE ONE TV contact. Presented in this paper are the results of the study on problem-solving behavior. The viewers showed significantly greater improvement than nonviewers both in their use of problem-solving actions and heuristics and in the solutions they reached. The series of programs exerted equal effects across the variables of sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic backgrounds. The results indicate that: (1) educational materials developed for specific goals can be effective; (2) children's problem-solving skills can be assessed; and (3) SQUARE ONE TV can play a significant role in the effort toward reform. (MDH)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Childrens Television, Educational Television, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Enrichment Activities, Mathematical Applications, Mathematical Enrichment, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Student Attitudes, Television Curriculum
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.