ERIC Number: ED339608
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Executive Summary--Volume V. Children's Problem-Solving Behavior and Their Attitudes toward Mathematics: A Study of the Effects of SQUARE ONE TV.
Fisch, Shalom M.; And Others
The current period in mathematics education can be characterized as one of reform. Many feel that children in the United States are not learning enough appropriate mathematics; these critics are concerned with the specific areas of problem solving and children's conceptions of the nature and uses of mathematics. A pretest/posttest experimental design study examined the effects of SQUARE ONE TV (SQ1TV), a television series about mathematics aimed at 8- to 12-year-old children, on the problem-solving behavior and attitudes toward mathematics of 240 fifth graders from 4 public schools in Corpus Christi, Texas. Performance and attitude data were collected from a subgroup of 24 students exposed to 30 SQ1TV programs and from 24 students in a control gropu having no SQ1TV contact. Reported here is the Executive Summary, presented in the fifth of a five volume report. After an overview of the entire study, results regarding problem solving, attitudes toward mathematics and problem solving, and viewers' reactions to SQ1TV are described. Significant differences between the two groups indicated viewers showed greater improvement than nonviewers in their use of problem-solving actions and heuristics, in the solutions they reached, and in a number of aspects of attitude. The SQ1TV interview demonstrated that children perceived the series as both fun and about mathematics, and that they were actively doing mathematics as a result of watching the series. (MDH)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Childrens Television, Educational Television, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Enrichment Activities, Mathematical Applications, Mathematical Enrichment, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Student Attitudes, Television Curriculum
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.