ERIC Number: ED339605
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Introduction: Purpose and General Design of the Study--Volume I. The Effects of SQUARE ONE TV on Children's Problem Solving--Volume II. Children's Problem-Solving Behavior and Their Attitudes toward Mathematics: A Study of the Effects of SQUARE ONE TV.
Hall, Eve R.; And Others
The current period in mathematics education can be characterized as one of reform. Many feel that children in the United States are not learning enough appropriate mathematics; these critics are concerned with the specific areas of problem solving and children's conceptions of the nature and uses of mathematics. A pretest/posttest experimental design study examined the effects of SQUARE ONE TV, a television series about mathematics aimed at 8- to 12-year-old children, on the problem-solving behavior and attitudes toward mathematics of 240 fifth graders from 4 public schools in Corpus Christi, Texas. Performance and attitude data were collected from a subgroup of 24 students exposed to 30 SQUARE ONE TV programs and from 24 students in a control group having no SQUARE ONE TV contact. Reported here are the purpose and general design of the study and the effects of SQUARE ONE TV on children's problem solving," presented in the first two volumes of a five volume report. Results on children's problem-solving actions indicated that viewers of SQUARE ONE TV programs demonstrated statistically significant gains between the pretest and posttest, both in their use of problem-solving behaviors and in the mathematical completeness and sophistication of their solutions, and that this effect was not different for children of differing sex, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, or standardized test performance. The overall implication is that sustained, unaided viewing of SQUARE ONE TV can have a significant impact on children's problem solving. (MDH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.