ERIC Number: ED339563
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Red Women, White Policy: American Indian Women and Indian Education.
Warner, Linda Sue
This paper discusses American Indian educational policies and implications for educational leadership by Indian women. The paper begins with an overview of federal Indian educational policies from 1802 to the 1970s. As the tribes have moved toward self-determination in recent years, a growing number of American Indian women have assumed leadership roles and become more visible as role models. This behavior reflects the traditional position of Indian women as role models for children in their own and extended families. In a descriptive study of 115 Indian women in management positions, over half of the subjects were managers in educational settings. These women showed wide diversity on several demographic characteristics. Nevertheless, American Indian women continue to suffer from stereotyping in the larger society and are often seen as "the Indian" in a non-Indian situation. Success for Indian women today is dependent on learning how to take the best from both worlds. The growth and success of tribally controlled community colleges during the 1980s has provided the opportunity for American Indian women to move into policy-making positions in Indian communities. In addition, federal policy now recognizes the critical role that parents, particularly mothers, play in the growth and education of their children. (SV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Women and Society Conference (Poughkeepsie, NY, June 7-9, 1991).