ERIC Number: ED339556
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing the Impact of the Wilderness Alternative for Youth Program: An Outward Bound Program for Adjudicated Youth.
Sakofs, Mitchell; Schuurman, Donna
Wilderness Alternative for Youth (WAY), conducted by the Pacific Crest Outward Bound School, is a treatment program for adjudicated youth that integrates wilderness or adventure therapy with a community-based component. Participants were 115 boys and girls, aged 13-18, recommended by court counselors and screened for appropriateness by Outward Bound representatives. Subjects were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group participated in a 3-week program involving adventure activities and community service activities. The control group did not participate in these activities. Both groups completed a battery of psychometric tests four times: pre-course, post-course, and 3-month and 1-year follow-ups. Parents, teachers, and court counselors completed behavioral data forms at follow-ups. Repeated measures technique was used to analyze the data. There were no significant differences between groups over time on drug use, alcohol use, discipline problems in school, or criminal allegations pending. However, the experimental group had significantly more positive results than the control group on 10 of 33 psychometric scales and behavioral assessments: locus of control, asocial orientation, manifest aggression, values orientation, immaturity, withdrawal-depression, social anxiety, repression, parent assessment of child's dependency, and counselor assessment of child's peer relations. Participants, parents, and county caseworkers reported very positive opinions of WAY. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Outward Bound, Inc., Greenwich, CT.