ERIC Number: ED339523
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Maternal Employment and Adolescent Girls.
Abbott, Barbara L.
This study explored the effects of maternal employment status on 63 adolescent girls in the areas of: (1) academic achievement; (2) satisfaction with family life and with emotional support from peers and adults; (3) mother-child communication; and (4) mothers' and daughters' perception of family adaptability and cohesion. A brief review of the literature on the effects of maternal employment on children is provided. The most frequently supported conclusion since the 1960s is that, taken by itself, the fact that a mother works outside the home has no universally predictable effects on a child. The findings and hypotheses regarding the effects of maternal employment on adolescents are somewhat contradictory. Some researchers have hypothesized that maternal employment may result in negative effects that emerge in adolescence, but the present findings do not support this hypothesis. The results of this study show no differences in adolescent outcomes for girls whose mothers are employed full-time, employed part-time, or not employed. This result confirms the conclusion in the literature that maternal employment status has no universally predictable effects on children. Appended are nine references and a table showing the daughters' percentile rankings on achievement test scores according to their mothers' employment status (GLR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Seattle, WA, April 18-20, 1991).