ERIC Number: ED339476
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Alternative to Self Report Measures of Self-Esteem: Validation of a Projective Measure for Children and Adults Based on the TED.
Brody, Leslie R.; Hay, Deborah H.
This paper reports on evaluations of a projective measure of self-esteem adapted from the Tasks of Emotional Development (TED). The evaluations were conducted in 7 studies with a total sample of 416 children and adults. The revised TED uses a five-point scoring system ranging from negative to positive self-esteem. Interrater reliability in the evaluations ranged from 77 to 100 percent, and test-retest reliability was high. Results from the seven studies indicated that children's scores on the revised TED related to some self-report measures of self-esteem, including subscales of the Harter Perceived Competence Scale; behavioral problems; social and academic performance; and parents' self-esteem. Adults' scores related to reported medical symptoms; problems in sexual functioning; and some personality characteristics, such as passivity. The revised TED correlated less well with social desirability scales, including the Children's Social Desirability Questionnaire, than did self-report measures. Appended materials include the revised TED picture stimuli; a description of the scoring system; and summaries of the seven evaluation studies. Each summary includes author, title, date, a description of the sample, a list of relevant self-esteem measures, and results of the study. A 10-item reference list is provided. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A